España monumental | Fortuna | Cinco Días

España es el tercer país con más sitios declarados Patrimonio Mundial de la Humanidad por la Unesco (44), solo superado por Italia (49) y China (45). La Alhambra es uno de los más visitados en cualquier época del año. Sobre la colina de la Sabika se erigen majestuosos los palacios nazaríes (visita: 14 euros), los jardines del Generalife (7 euros) y la alcazaba.

Desde allí se observa una de las vistas más sublimes de Granada con Sierra Nevada de fondo. Si se decide a visitarla en verano, no se preocupe por el calor: la exuberante vegetación y las numerosas fuentes le trasladarán a un oasis. Y la playa está a un paso.

Encanto colonial en la antigua capital de Tenerife

La Laguna
San Cristóbal de La Laguna.

La bonita San Cristóbal de La Laguna, al noreste de Tenerife, es una ciudad colonial sin murallas que conserva intacto su trazado original del siglo XV y sirvió de modelo para las nuevas urbes en América.

Piérdase en sus animadas calles y descubra su catedral, sus iglesias, casonas y edificios históricos. Patrimonio de la Humanidad, creerá estar en otra época, cinco siglos atrás. Su cercanía a la costa permite a la ciudad disfrutar de las playas tinerfeñas.

El empeño de un rey y su faraónica obra monacal

El Escorial
Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

Cuenta la leyenda que Felipe II supervisaba personalmente y fascinado las obras del Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid) desde una atalaya granítica en el monte de Las Machotas en la sierra de Guadarrama. Investigaciones posteriores cuestionan la historia, pero es seguro que el rey se sentía orgulloso de su faraónica obra, en cuya construcción se tardó 21 años (1563-1584) e intervinieron los más grandes arquitectos.

El regio complejo, formado por un palacio real, una basílica, un panteón, una biblioteca y un monasterio, es Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco desde 1984 y destaca por su tamaño –ocupa casi 34.000 metros cuadrados– y complejidad. La austeridad de su estilo rompió con las tendencias arquitectónicas de la época.

Tarifa básica: 10 euros. Además de disfrutar del monumento y sus imponentes vistas, merece la pena recorrer el espectacular pueblo de la sierra madrileña y ahorrarse los calores de la capital.

Un edificio convertido en un mito del arte

Casa Batlló
Parte superior de la Casa Batlló, en el paseo de Gracia, en Barcelona.

La original fachada de la Casa Batlló, en pleno paseo de Gracia, es uno de los edificios más emblemáticos de Barcelona y una de las obras más representativas de Antoni Gaudí. Este y otros siete edificios de la figura más destacada del modernismo catalán son Patrimonio Mundial por la Unesco. La célebre casa, convertida en un mito del arte, fue construida entre 1904 y 1906 por encargo del aristócrata Josep Batlló. Entrada: 23,50 euros/adulto.

Viejas necrópolis, murallas y praderas marinas

Ibiza
La isla de Ibiza, en Baleares.

La isla bonita, famosa por sus playas, sus puestas de sol y su ambiente de fiesta, es uno de los escasos lugares del mundo que reúne cuatro elementos distintos Patrimonio de la Humanidad: el yacimiento fenicio de Sa Caleta, la necrópolis de Puig des Molins, el casco histórico de Dalt Vila –la vieja ciudad amurallada– y las extensas praderas de posidonia oceánica que viven en sus aguas y que ofrecen refugio y alimento a las especies marinas.

Propuestas gastronómicas

Sabores de México muy originales para chuparse los dedos

Comida mexicana
Platos e ingredientes típicos de México.

La cocina mexicana es una de las más ricas del planeta y es Patrimonio Inmaterial de la Humanidad por la Unesco. El menú degustación (83 euros) del restaurante Punto MX en Madrid (una estrella Michelin) ofrece originales sabores, como el guacamole con marlín, quesadilla de flor de calabaza y huitlacoche o lomo bajo en salsa de tuétano.

Verano, olas y Ron Barceló edición limitada de autor: Abe The Ape

Ron Barceló

Ron Barceló celebra el verano con una edición limitada y de autor. El ilustrador Abraham Menéndez, alma máter de la marca Abe The Ape, fiel al lema del destilado, “vive ahora y disfruta el momento”, nos traslada a la icónica década de los cincuenta, en la dorada California, con música de los Beach Boys y los surfistas surcando las olas.

La oferta

Corfú
La isla griega de Corfú.

1.699 euros es el precio de un crucero de ocho días para navegar por las islas griegas. A bordo del buque MSC Música, en camarote exterior con balcón y escalas en Venecia, Brindisi, Katakolon (Olimpia), Santorini, Atenas, Corfú y Kotor, es la propuesta de Nautaliaviajes.com, que incluye vuelos y pensión completa, para salidas en agosto.

Source link

Cinco rutas por pueblos con piel y alma leonesa | Fortuna

Primera parada: Tejedo y Pereda de Ancares, dos pueblos del municipio de Candín (El Bierzo), a casi dos horas de León capital. Un valle recóndito, en la punta oeste con Galicia y Asturias, al que se accede en coche, y visiblemente despoblado, apenas 13 habitantes en el primero y menos de 50 en el segundo. Sorprende su naturaleza salvaje, sus bosques de roble, abedules y castaños centenarios, esculturas vivas, con piel por los años, a los que hay que atravesar para conocer su alma. No basta con hacerse la foto. El lugar, donde se ve alguna colina rasa, víctima de un incendio reciente (el fuego es otra de sus señas), demanda otro tipo de viajero.

Los detalles. Es como volver al pasado, hoy alterado para los vecinos. Con casas de piedra, madera y tejados de pizarra, antaño predominaba la palloza –la típica construcción circular de origen celta, de piedra y techo de paja, muy modesta, donde convivían los ancareses y el ganado en invierno–. Pocas sobreviven, pero están muertas por su desuso y costoso mantenimiento (la vida se hacía dentro y el humo de la chimenea cauterizaba el techo, evitando la visita de ratones; con los inviernos más cálidos esto ha cambiado. Tampoco se cultiva centeno, la materia prima). Por eso son simple atracción turística. En la zona, que mezcla castellano, gallego y asturiano, también se echa de menos su anterior esplendor agrícola, reducido a huertos y pastos extensivos.

Un plus. No se vaya sin subir al pico Miravalles (1.966 m) y probar su contundente gastronomía: cecina, chorizo, queso de cabra, botillo, frisuelos de setas y crema de limón con castañas en el hotel rural Valle de Ancares o el Rincón del Cuco.

Source link

EU calls for immediate ban on logging in Poland’s Białowieża forest | Environment

Europe’s last major parcel of primeval woodland could be set for a reprieve after the EU asked the European court to authorise an immediate ban on logging in Poland’s Białowieża forest.

Around 80,000 cubic metres of forest have been cleared since the Polish government tripled logging operations around the Unesco world heritage site last year.

The European commission said that it had acted because the increased logging of trees over a century-old “poses a major threat to the integrity of this … site.”

EU environment commissioner, Karmenu Vella told the Guardian: “We have asked that Polish authorities cease and desist operations immediately. These actions are clear, practical steps that the European commission has taken to protect one of the last remaining primeval forests in Europe.”

Environmentalists applauded the move, with WWF Poland’s Dariusz Gatkowski calling for the commission “to quickly implement today’s positive decision and take Poland to court, fulfilling its role as guardian of Europe’s natural heritage and the laws that protect it.”

Spruce trees in the Białowieża forest, where large-scale logging authorised by the Polish government began in May of last year



Spruce trees in the Białowieża forest, where large-scale logging authorised by the Polish government began in May of last year. Photograph: Wojtek Radwański/AFP/Getty Images

Agata Szafraniuk of the ClientEarth legal firm, said: “Decisive and immediate action is the only way to avoid irreversible damage to this ancient forest. We hope that the court of justice will impose the ban on logging, as a matter of urgency, before breaking for the summer holiday, which starts on July 21st.”

Last week, Unesco threatened to put Białowieża on its list of world heritage sites in danger unless Poland halted the deforestation, which has felled 30,000 cubic metres of coppice in just the first four months of 2017.

But quick compliance from the Polish government is thought unlikely, after the country’s environment ministry tweeted that it was “delighted” at the prospect of a court case yesterday. A second tweet said: “We have hard data on the #Buszowska (Białowieża) forest and we will be pleased to present it before the tribunal.”

Last month, Poland’s environment minister, Jan Szyszko, called for the site to be stripped of its Unesco status, despite fears of a collapse in its biodiversity, which includes wolves, lynx and Europe’s largest bison population.

The Polish government argues that increased tree fells are needed to contain a bark beetle outbreak in Białowieża, although the science behind its case has been denounced by many of the world’s environmental scientists.

Campaigners trying to block the Białowieża logging say that armed foresters in camouflage units are now routinely stopping and searching young people in the area after a spate of lock-ins around tree-clearing machines.

Ariel Brunner, the senior policy chief for BirdLife Europe said: “The tragedy of Białowieża is more than just the devastation of nature, it is the spine-chilling destruction of memory and an affront to democracy and legality. In taking a clear and strong stance on the ecological destruction of Białowieża, the European commission has today shown its ‘heart of oak’.”

Source link

Countries with coral reefs must do more on climate change – Unesco | Environment

Countries with responsibility over world heritage-listed coral reefs should adopt ambitious climate change targets, aiming to cut greenhouse gas emissions to levels that would keep global temperature increases to just 1.5C, the UN agency responsible for overseeing world heritage sites has said.

At a meeting of Unesco’s world heritage committee in Kraków, Poland, a decision was adopted that clarified and strengthened the responsibility of countries that have custodianship over world-heritage listed coral reefs.

Until now, most countries have interpreted their responsibility over such reefs as implying they need to protect them from local threats such as water pollution and overfishing.

But between 2014 and 2017, reefs in every major reef region bleached, with much of the coral dying, in the worst global bleaching event in recorded history. Over those three years, 21 of the 29 listed sites suffered severe or repeated heat stress.

Last month Unesco published the first global assessment of climate change’s impacts on world heritage-listed reefs and it concluded that local efforts were “no longer sufficient” – concluding the only hope was to keep global temperature increases below 1.5C.

The new decision builds on that assessment, clarifying the responsibility of countries with custodianship over world-heritage listed coral reefs.

The decision adopted by the world heritage committee said it “reiterates the importance of state parties undertaking the most ambitious implementation of the Paris agreement”, which it noted meant pursuing efforts to limit global average temperature increase to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels.

It went on that it “strongly invites all state parties … to undertake actions to address climate change under the Paris agreement that are fully consistent with their obligations within the world heritage convention to protect the [outstanding universal values] of all world heritage properties”.

The decision appeared to implement the earlier finding that local efforts were insufficient to protect reefs, and indicated the committee considered that countries were obliged under the world heritage convention to undertake strong action on climate change.

The decision put most countries’ emissions targets in stark contrast with what was needed to protect their reefs. Combined, all countries’ commitments made so far are projected to allow warming or as much as 2.7C by 2100.

But some countries with coral reefs are not contributing their fair share to even that level of ambition.

Australia, which has responsibility over the world’s largest coral reef system – the Great Barrier Reef – has climate change targets consistent with between 3C and 4C of warming by 2100, according to Climate Action Tracker.

Moreover, Australia doesn’t have any policies in place that will help it achieve those targets, with official government projections showing emissions are not expected to be cut at all, and instead will rise for at least decades to come.

The first indication that Unesco would consider action on climate change an obligation of custodians of world-heritage listed coral reefs came in June when it assessed Australia’s progress in protecting the Great Barrier Reef, following back-to-back mass bleaching in 2016 and 2017 that killed as much as half its coral.

Despite acknowledging Australia’s progress in addressing water quality on the reef, and deciding not to put the reef on its “in-danger” list, Unesco noted that climate change was the most serious threat to it, and said there was the need to consider how bleaching was affecting the effectiveness of the country’s plan to protect it.

“Last week the Australian government bragged that the Great Barrier Reef was not put on the in-danger list at this meeting,” said Imogen Zethoven from the Australian Marine Conservation Society, who was at the world heritage committee meeting in Poland.

“However, this week the Australian government should be worried. It knows very well that it is still on probation with the world heritage committee. This decision means Australia needs to rapidly reduce carbon pollution and reject new coalmines – otherwise our reef is at great risk of being placed on the world heritage in-danger list in 2020.

“The Australian government must now, more than ever, rule out any new coalmines and urgently develop a climate policy that will protect our global icon. It must do its fair share of the global effort to reduce pollution.

“If it doesn’t, the world heritage committee should hold Australia to account for failing to tackle the single greatest threat to our Great Barrier Reef – and for putting all other world heritage coral reefs at risk.”

An Earthjustice attorney, Noni Austin, who also attended the world heritage committee meeting, said: “The world heritage committee’s decision has confirmed what scientists have been saying for years: urgent and rapid action to reduce global warming and implement the Paris agreement is essential for the survival of coral reefs into the future.”

Source link

El delirio vagabundo de un obispo navarro que enfrenta a Espaa y Per | Cronica Home

Acuarelas del ‘Codex Trujillo del Per’ que el obispo Martnez Compan mand pintar en 1782 tras su llegada aquel pas. Forman parte del lote 496, que fue subastado el pasado da 7 de junio.

Source link

Primeval forest must lose Unesco protection, says Poland | Environment

Poland’s environment minister, Jan Szyszko, whom green activists have criticised for allowing large-scale logging in the ancient Białowieża forest, has called for the woodland to be stripped of Unesco’s natural heritage status, banning human intervention.

Białowieża, straddling Poland’s eastern border with Belarus, includes one of the largest surviving parts of the primeval forest that covered the European plain 10,000 years ago. It also boasts unique plant and animal life, including the continent’s largest mammal, the European bison.

“The Białowieża forest was granted Unesco natural heritage status illegally and without consulting the local community,” Szyszko said in a statement, after having announced that “a complaint had been lodged with the prosecutor’s office” regarding the matter.

Szyszko said he found it contradictory for the forest to have Unesco natural heritage status – which bans any human intervention – and simultaneously belong to the EU’s Natura 2000 network of protected areas, which according to Szyszko allows the current logging.

The Polish government has said it authorised the logging, which began in May last year, to contain damage caused by a spruce bark beetle infestation and to fight the risk of forest fires. But scientists, ecologists and the EU have protested and activists allege the logging is a cover for commercial cutting of protected old-growth forests.

Szyszko would like to see Białowieża granted a different Unesco status – mixed natural-cultural heritage – “and not just natural because man’s activity is visible to the naked eye in this forest”, he said.

Greenpeace, whose activists chained themselves to woodcutting equipment this month to block the logging, immediately denounced Szyszko’s statement as “further manipulation”. The environmental group also said logging was in fact out of line with the Natura 2000 rules.

“This is an attempt by the minister to impose his own narrative,” said activist Katarzyna Kościesza of the ClientEarth environmental group.

Szyszko’s statement comes two weeks before the annual Unesco world heritage session, which this year will take place in the southern Polish city of Kraków. The forest gained the coveted “natural heritage” label in 2011.

Unesco has previously expressed concern over the logging, as has the European commission, which in April warned Warsaw that it could take legal action to halt the logging.

Source link